CU. DAILY | Molded Plywood Lounge Chair (LCW) 模压胶合板座椅

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Molded Plywood Lounge Chair (LCW) 模压胶合板座椅

Awarded by Time magazine as the Best Design of the 20th Century, the iconic LCW or “Lounge Chair Wood” began as an experiment in the Eameses’ apartment in 1946, where American husband-and-wife design team Charles and Ray Eames were molding plywood into organic forms yielded this design icon.

被《时代杂志》评选为「20世纪之最佳设计」的《LCW椅》是世界知名的美国设计师双人组伊姆斯夫妻的经典之作,始于1946年当时他们在自宅里对弯曲的模压胶合板所做的实验和设计。

In the early 1940s, when Charles Eames was working on MGM set designs, he and his wife, Ray, were experimenting with wood-molding techniques that would have profound effects on the design world. Their discoveries led to a commission from the US Navy to develop plywood leg splints, stretchers, and glider shells, molded under heat and pressure, that were used successfully in World War II.(via Herman Miller)

40年代初期,查理.伊姆斯为米高梅公司(MGM)做背景设计,当时他和他的妻子蕾.伊姆斯在木头模塑技术方面进行试验,这个试验后来对设计界产生深远的影响。他们的发现引来美国海军的一项开发胶合板的下肢夹板、担架和滑翔机壳的任务委托,它们在高温高压下成型,这些成品在二战中得到了成功的应用。


When the war was over, Charles and Ray applied the technology they had created to making affordable, high-quality chairs that could be mass-produced using dimensionally shaped surfaces instead of cushioned upholstery. When they found that plywood did not withstand the stresses that occurred where the chair seat and back met, they abandoned their original single-shell idea in favor of a chair that had separate molded-plywood panels for the back and seat. The process eliminated the extraneous wood needed to connect the seat with the back, which reduced the weight and visual profile of the chair and established a basis for modern furniture design.(via Herman Miller)

战争结束后,查理.伊姆斯蕾.伊姆斯夫妇将他们创造的技术应用到制作高质量、低价格的椅子中,这样就可以用尺寸合适的表面批量生产椅子而不用椅垫了。当他们发现座位和椅背相连时胶合板抗压能力差时,他们放弃了原始的单层设计想法,而是采取了多层分离的成型胶合板来分别制作椅背和座位。该过程消除了连接座位和椅背的外部木材,使椅子重量减轻,外形精致,这奠定了现代家居设计的基础。

Charles Ormond Eames, Jr (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture. They also worked in the fields of industrial and graphic design, fine art and film.

查理.伊姆斯(1907-1978)和蕾.伊姆斯(1912-1988)深深影响了现代化建筑和家具设计的发展,同时他们也在工业设计、平面设计、艺术和摄影领域都有所成就。

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creater_ Charles and Ray Eames

创作者

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maker_ Herman Miller

造物者

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material_ plywood

材料_ 胶合板

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year of design_ 1946

创作年份

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