Awarded by Time magazine as the Best Design of the 20th Century, the iconic LCW or “Lounge Chair Wood” began as an experiment in the Eameses’ apartment in 1946, where American husband-and-wife design team Charles and Ray Eames were molding plywood into organic forms yielded this design icon.
In the early 1940s, when Charles Eames was working on MGM set designs, he and his wife, Ray, were experimenting with wood-molding techniques that would have profound effects on the design world. Their discoveries led to a commission from the US Navy to develop plywood leg splints, stretchers, and glider shells, molded under heat and pressure, that were used successfully in World War II.（via Herman Miller）
When the war was over, Charles and Ray applied the technology they had created to making affordable, high-quality chairs that could be mass-produced using dimensionally shaped surfaces instead of cushioned upholstery. When they found that plywood did not withstand the stresses that occurred where the chair seat and back met, they abandoned their original single-shell idea in favor of a chair that had separate molded-plywood panels for the back and seat. The process eliminated the extraneous wood needed to connect the seat with the back, which reduced the weight and visual profile of the chair and established a basis for modern furniture design.（via Herman Miller）
Charles Ormond Eames, Jr (1907–1978) and Bernice Alexandra "Ray" Kaiser Eames (1912–1988) who made significant historical contributions to the development of modern architecture and furniture. They also worked in the fields of industrial and graphic design, fine art and film.
creater_ Charles and Ray Eames
maker_ Herman Miller
year of design_ 1946